Pigmentation is commonly recognized as dark spots, dark patches, uneven skin tone or tanning. Most common factors affecting hyperpigmentation are UV rays, hormones, stress, genetics and inflammation of skin.
It may occur in the form of Melasma, Freckles, Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, Lentigines and several other skin conditions. The key to effective treatment is a correct diagnosis and rigorous maintenance after the pigmentation is treated.
Hyperpigmentation can be classified into epidermal (superficial), dermal (deep), and mixed (superficial as well as deep). So, depending on the extent of the pigmentation, a personalized plan and the right treatment is recommended which will be a combination of chemical peels and/or laser that help to get rid off the dark patches.
Treatments for skin lightening:
A chemical peel causes peeling of the outermost dead skin layers either visible or non visible peeling depending on the peel used for the treatment so that the new skin has lesser pigmentation. This treatment requires 6-8 sessions depending on the condition.
A Platelet Rich Plsma (PRP) Therapy is highly effective at improving the appearance of pigmentation on the face and fine line, wrinkles and scarring.
A laser light treatment can also help lighten pigmentation and this also needs few sessions. Combination treatment with PRP, laser and peels works well.
Pigmentation treatment begins with a detailed consultation about skin care practices, genetics, pregnancy and contraception, past treatments, etc. Blood tests and skin tests may be advised.
Improvement or healing can be expected in most cases within 8 weeks.
Home care regime is also advised and is very important to maintain the result:
1. Drink at least 6-8 glasses of water everyday this helps in hydrating and detoxifying your skin and body.
2. Wear a broad spectrum sunscreen between 10am to 4pm everyday irrespective of the weather and if you are indoor or outdoor.
3. Wear a hat, scarf and a pair of high quality sunglasses to keep you safe from the sun’s damaging rays that cause pigmentation and wrinkles.
4. Moisturize your skin every night.
5. Use a pH balanced face wash.
6. Keep a check on your tea and coffee intake.
7. Drink coconut water daily. It replenishes the skin and fights hyperpigmentation.
8. Add antioxidant Vit.C and Vit.B complex supplements to your diet.
9. Be gentle with your skin. Do not exfoliate too much.
10. Keep a regular follow up with your skin care doctor.