Fine lines and wrinkles are a natural part of aging, are most prominent on sun-exposed skin, such as the face, neck, hands and forearms.
Although genetics mainly determine skin structure and texture, sun exposure is a major cause of wrinkles, especially for fair-skinned people. Other factors, such as pollutants and smoking, also contribute to wrinkling.
Fine lines and wrinkles are caused by a combination of factors, some you can control, others you can not.
Age: As you get older, your skin naturally becomes less elastic and more fragile. Decreased production of collagen and natural oils dries your skin and makes it appear more wrinkled. Fat in the deeper layers of your skin diminishes. This causes loose, saggy skin and more pronounced wrinkling.
Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light: Ultraviolet radiation, which speeds the natural aging process, is the primary cause of early wrinkling. Exposure to UV light breaks down your skin’s connective tissue — collagen and elastin fibers, which lie in the deeper layer of skin (dermis). Without the supportive connective tissue, your skin loses strength and flexibility. Skin then begins to sag and wrinkle prematurely.
Smoking: Smoking can accelerate the normal aging process of your skin, contributing to wrinkles. This may be due to changes in the blood supply to your skin.
Repeated facial expressions: Facial movements and expressions, such as squinting or smiling, lead to fine lines and wrinkles. Each time you use a facial muscle, a groove forms beneath the surface of the skin. As skin ages, it loses its flexibility and is no longer able to spring back in place. These grooves then become permanent features on your face.
If your wrinkles bother you, you have more options than ever to help smooth them or make them less visible
Treatments to smooth the fine lines and wrinkles:
Wrinkles and fine lines treatment begins with a detailed consultation about skin care practices, genetics, past treatments, etc. Treating those lines is often very challenging. Homeopathic medications, vitamins and advanced treatments in the form of Laser wrinkle & fine lines correction, chemical peels, mesotherapy, radiofrequency and relevant skin care, are almost required.